Chapter 2 Study Guide Boone
1.  What are the five aspects of normal voice
2.  Explain the movement of the diaphragm in breathing
3.  What are the three ways breathing changes the dimensions of the thorax
4.  Explain the role of the pleural membrane in respiration
5.  Explain how expiration is primarily accomplished.
6.  Explain respiration in terms of Boyle's Law
7.  What are th passive factors of respiration.
8.  Where is the best voice produced with regard to pressure and lung volumes?  Explain.
9.  How should added breath power be achieved during expiration?
10.  What is the primary muscle of insiration?
11.  What is the second most important muscle of inspiration and what does it do?
12.  During forced expiration, what are the primary muscles of expiration?
13.  What is the difference between normal, tidal brathing, and breathing and singing for the inspiratory phase of breathing?
14.  Know the definitions for Lung volumes and capacities.
15.  How many cartilages of the larynx are there?  Which are paired? Which are not?
16.  Be able to identify the cartilages, intrinsic, and extrinsic muscles of the larynx.
17.  Be able to tell the functions of the intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the larynx.
18.  What are the functions of the cricopharyngeus?
19.  The instrinsic muscle of the larynx that is the primary abductor is the ____.
20.  The branch of the Vagus nerve that innervates the cricothyroid muscle is the _____.
21.  The vagus nerve has three branches. What are they
22.  Which intrinsic muscles is known as the vocal fold?
23.  Be able to identify the parts of the vocal fold.
24.  What are the two parts of the cricothyroid?
25.  What is the purpose of the cricothyroid?
26.  Explain the mucosal wave and why the different densities of the vocal fold are important.
27.  Explain the vibratory cycle of the vocal fold in terms of the myoelastic theory of phonation including the influence of the Bernoulli Effect.
28.  Compare the appearance of the vocal fold at rest and with phonation.
29.  What is the rate of the vibrations of the vocal fold related to?
30.  What is the average length of the vocal fold?
31.  What is the Fo for women and men?
32.  What is the fundamental frequency related to physiologically?
33.  What muscles appear to be responsible for increased pitch?
34.  What muscles appear to be responsible for decreases in pitch?
35.  What are increases in pitch characaterized by?
36.  Describe the physiology of falsetto voice and glottal fry.
37.  What are the voice registers?
38.  What is involved in increasing loudness levels?  Explain when pathology is likely to occur.
39.  Identfy what physiological aspects affect the quality of the voice and how quality is affected.
40.  Explain acoustic efficiency.\
41.  Explain how movements and constrictions in the vocal tract contribute to amplification and modification of the vocal signal produced by the vocal fold.